The Dead Sea Scrolls – One of the most significant archaeological discoveries related to papyrus is the Dead Sea Scrolls. Found in the mid-20th century, these ancient Jewish texts are on display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. They include biblical manuscripts and were found in the vicinity of the Dead Sea in Israel. The scrolls were written on a variety of materials, including papyrus, and offer valuable insights into ancient Jewish life and religious practices.
Oxyrhynchus Papyri – Discovered in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the Egyptian city of Oxyrhynchus, this collection comprises thousands of papyrus fragments containing a wide range of texts, including literary works, letters, legal documents and more. These fragments have greatly expanded our understanding of daily life, literature, and administrative practices in ancient Egypt. These can be seen at the Sackler Library, Oxford, in the UK.
The Herculaneum Papyri – In the 18th century, a remarkable discovery was made in the Roman town of Herculaneum, buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE. Among the excavated artifacts were papyrus scrolls that had been carbonized by the volcanic eruption. These scrolls, known as the Herculaneum Papyri, contain works of Greek philosophy, epic poetry, and more and ate on display at the National Library of Naples. Advanced imaging techniques are being used to carefully unroll and decipher these fragile scrolls, offering the potential for new insights into ancient Greek thought.